Wednesday, August 21, 2019 - 12:00pm to 1:00pm
Location:Panther Hollow Conference Room 4101 Robert Mehrabian Collaborative Innovation Center
Speaker:ROXANA GEAMBASU, Associate Professor https://datascience.columbia.edu/roxana-geambasu
Security and Privacy Guarantees in Machine Learning with Differential Privacy
Machine learning (ML) is becoming a critical foundation for how we construct the code driving our applications, cars, and life-changing financial decisions. Yet, it is often brittle and unstable, making decisions that are hard to understand and can be exploited. As one example, tiny changes to an input can cause dramatic changes in predictions; this results in decisions that surprise, appear unfair, or enable attack vectors such as adversarial examples. As another example, models trained on users' data have been shown to encode not only general trends from large datasets but also very specific, personal information from these datasets, such as social security numbers and credit card numbers from emails; this threatens to expose users' secrets through ML predictions or parameters. Over the years, researchers have proposed various approaches to address these rather distinct security, privacy, and transparency challenges. Most of the work has been best effort, which is insufficient if ML is to become a rigorous basis for how we construct our code.
This talk positions differential privacy (DP) -- a theory developed by the privacy community -- as a versatile foundation for building into ML much-needed guarantees of not only privacy but also of security, stability, and transparency. As supporting evidence, I first present PixelDP, a scalable certified defense against adversarial examples that leverages DP theory to guarantee a level of robustness against this attack. I then present Sage, a DP ML platform that bounds the leakage of personal secrets through ML models while addressing some of the most pressing challenges of DP, such as the "running out of privacy budget" problem. Both PixelDP and Sage are designed from a pragmatic systems perspective and illustrate that DP theory is powerful but requires adaptation to achieve practical guarantees for ML workloads.
Roxana Geambasu is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at Columbia University and a member of Columbia's Data Sciences Institute. She joined Columbia in Fall 2011 after finishing her Ph.D. at the University of Washington. For her work in cloud and mobile data privacy, she received: an Alfred P. Sloan Faculty Fellowship, an NSF CAREER award, a Microsoft Research Faculty Fellowship, several Google Faculty awards, a "Brilliant 10" Popular Science nomination, the Honorable Mention for the 2013 inaugural Dennis M. Ritchie Doctoral Dissertation Award, a William Chan Dissertation Award, two best paper awards at top systems conferences, and the first Google Ph.D. Fellowship in Cloud Computing.
Faculty Host: Mahadev Satyanarayanan